and the Technical Barriers
Mercosul member countries have created a working
subgroup seeking to eliminate possible technical barriers that could
emerge in their market trade. It´s called SGT nº 3 "Technical
Regulations and Conformity Assessment", coordinated nationwide
The treaty creating the Mercosul was signed in Asuncion,
Paraguay, on March 26, 1991, by the four-member countries - Argentina,
Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. The objectives of the treaty are:
a more competitive presence of the four countries in the world trade
market; to benefit the economies in scale; to stimulate the trade
flow with the rest of the world; to foster efforts to open the economy
of the four member-countries and to set a limit to the activities
of our society, which is considered the main "engine"
in the integration process.
The basic characteristic of Mercosul are: free circulation
of goods and services; the establishment of a common external tariff
(TEC); to set a common trade policy in reference to other countries;
to coordinate the position of the Mercosul countries in regional
and international forums; to coordinate the macroeconomic and sectorial
policies; to harmonize the legislations on specific areas, in order
to strengthen the integration process.
Within the Mercosul structure, there are currently
14 working subgroups. The SGT-3 subgroup (technical regulations
and conformity assessment) is made up of the following commissions:
Metrology, Security of Electrical Products; Conformity Assessment;
Toys, Compressed Natural Gas; Nutrition; and Automotive Industry.
The Subgroup #3 establishes similar parameters for
the member-states, avoiding the Technical Regulations and the procedures
for Conformity Assessment, when not harmonized, to create possible
technical barriers to trade. So far, more than 230 Technical Regulations