.: Introduction :.

The National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality – INMETRO, executive agency of the Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, headquartered in Brasília, created by the Law No. 5.966, of December 11th, 1973, is the central executive body of the Brazilian National System of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (Sinmetro). This law is complemented by another Law, the law No. 9933, of December 20th 1999, that establishes that Inmetro, upon authorization of the Brazilian National Council of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (Conmetro), Sinmetro´s normative body, may accredit public or private entities to perform activities of its competence.

The guidelines for Inmetro’s operation are established by Conmetro, which is assisted by committees that incorporate representatives of the main economic agents, public or private, involved with activities of Metrology, Standardization and Conformity Assessment.

The Decree No. 6.275, of November 28th, 2007, establishes that the General Coordination for Accreditation of Inmetro (Cgcre) is responsible for operating as an accreditation body of conformity assessment bodies. Therefore, Cgcre is, in the organizational structure of Inmetro, the main unit that is totally responsible and has total authority on all aspects related to accreditation, including accreditation decisions.

Cgcre is also the Brazilian Compliance Monitoring Authority for the Principles of Good Laboratory Practices – GLP, as established in the Inmetro´s Administrative Rule No. 220 of July 23rd, 2009, recognizing test facilities that perform studies/tests with the purpose of environmental risk assessment and human health for the register of pesticides, industrial chemicals and other chemical substances.

The Laboratory Accreditation Division – Dicla is the unit of Cgcre responsible for the coordination, management and performance of activities related to the monitoring and recognition of the test facilities in accordance with the GLP Principles.